HomeGeneral ResourcesResearch TopicsVIII. African American communities

VIII. African American communities

African American community list

Some of those included are from Fairfax County Public Schools Records from 1870-1945. Some of the communities don’t exist today but are remembered in place names. For example, Tremont Gardens Neighborhood in Falls Church

  1. Accotink (Rte. 1 and Braddock Rd.)
  2. Bailey’s Crossroads
  3. Baptist Hill Falls Church area
  4. Bull Run/ Cub Run area south of Centreville
  5. Burke
  6. Carroltown Kingstowne Village Parkway
  7. Cartersville near Hunter Mill Road
  8. Chantilly
  9. Chesterbrook McLean
  10. Clifton
  11. Cottonwood Street (McLean)
  12. Cooktown located off of Dranesville Road
  13. Cub Run (Rock Hill) Centreville
  14. East Woodford or Eastwoodford -(now known as Dunn Loring)
  15. Fairfax City- School Street
  16. Falls Church
  17. Floris/Frying Pan
  18. Forestville (Great Falls)
  19. Franconia
  20. Freedom Hill near Tysons
  21. Gravel Bank (along Railroad Ave, near Shreve Road) Falls Church
  22. Gum Springs
  23. Gunston
  24. Hattonville Crossroads of Fox Mill Road and Monroe Street
  25. Hughesville (Jacksonville) Braddock Road
  26. Ilda Little River Turnpike
  27. James Lee Community Falls Church
  28. Lane’s Mill (near Centreville)
  29. Laurel Grove Franconia
  30. Lewinsville Lewinsville Road and Chain Bridge Road
  31. Lebanon (Lincolnia)
  32. Lincoln- Lewis-Vannoy Braddock Road and Fairfax County Parkway
  33. Merrifield/Mills Crossing/ Williamstown
  34. Oak Grove Herndon
  35. Odrick’s Corner Intersection of Spring Hill and Lewinsville Road
  36. Ox Road (Painters)
  37. Ravensworth Tract settlement (small community started around 1900 -along Braddock Road
  38. Seminary (near Fort Ward)
  39. Seneca Road near Great Falls
  40. Sideburn Route 123, Sideburn Road and Zion Drive
  41. Southgate near Reston
  42. Springbank Mount Vernon area
  43. The Pines Woodburn Road and Gallows Road
  44. Tinner Hill in Falls Church
  45. Tremont Lee Highway in Falls Church
  46. Uniontown Near Centreville
  47. Vienna
  48. Willard (displaced by Dulles Airport)
  49. Williamstown in Merrifield
  50. Woodentown associated with Cartersville Baptist Church and Hunter Mill Road
  51. Woodlawn/Woodlawn Crossroads
  52. Youngs Village – on Fort Belvoir base

The Quilt Project: Celebration of the African American Experience   

“Black Settlement in Forestville, Vienna and Lewinsville,” Yearbook: Historical Society of Fairfax County, Virginia, Volume 18, 1982, p. 9     

The ‘Willing Workers’ A Black Community on Mason Neck,” by Paula Elsey. The Historical Society of Fairfax County, Virginia, Inc. Yearbook, Vol. 26, 99-100.  

On the Brink of Change: The Historical Geography of Fairfax County 1960, by Shelley Mastrans. Includes descriptions and map of African American communities and enclaves. 

Soil Tilled by Free Men: The Formation of a Free Black Community in Fairfax County,  Virginiaby Maddy McCoy The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 125, No. 1 (2017): 38-67.  

Dulles Airport Has Its Roots in Rural Black Community of Willard by Eugene Scheel.  

“Dulles Airport was originally supposed to be in Burke, but neighbors successfully stopped it.” by Mike Grinnell, August 2, 2017   

Gum Springs: The Triumph of a Black Community by John Terry Chase           

Gum Springs - Virginia Collection 1915-1991  

Gum Springs, with Ron Chase  

Black History In #FXVA: The Story of Gum Springs   by Marissa Daily February 15, 2021  

Odrick and the Community He Built -videotape  

The Pines: Pine Ridge Park on Woodburn Road   

Kin: Two African American Families Build a Community for the Future.   

“A Virginia Village Goes to War - Falls Church during the Civil War;” pages 234-235, by Bradley E. Gernard. The author described in specific detail four communities of freedmen:  

  1. Baptist Hill  
  2. Tinner hill – 
  3. Southgate subdivision 
  4. Gravel Bank     

Freedom Hill community


Odrick’s Corner


Cooktown The Way It Has Been

Malcolm Heights – The Neighborhood

Lincoln-Lewis-Vannoy community

Sideburn Community

Little Bethel Church and Cemetery on Zion Drive


A Bailey’s Xroads resident is documenting the history of a vibrant Black community.

Randall Estates